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KWIC Indicator Narrative

Property and Violent Index Crimes Known to the Police

Data Provider: NYS Division of Criminal Justice Services

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Related Indicators:

Life Area:

Community

Definition:

New York State Uniform Crime Report (UCR) Index crimes include serious property and violent crimes reported or otherwise known to the police. Property Index crimes include burglary, larceny, and motor vehicle theft. Violent Index crimes include murder, non-negligent manslaughter, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault.

The crime rate is the number of reported UCR index crimes divided by an estimate of the general population, and multiplied by 10,000.

Significance:

The property and violent UCR index offenses reported or otherwise known to the police are the best official indicators of the relative level of criminal activity throughout New York State.

Note:

  • A reported crime is recorded in the jurisdiction where it occurs, and only the most serious offense that was committed during a criminal incident is recorded.
  • A distinction is made between violent and property offenses because crime trends for these two categories generally differ.

Findings:

  • There were 361,149 violent and property index crimes reported to the police in New York State during 2017, representing a decline of 20 percent from the 450,331 crimes reported in 2010. 
  • In 2017, 66 percent of the violent index crimes and 43 percent of property index crimes in the state were reported in New York City.
  • The proportions were smaller (64 percent of violent index crimes and 37 percent of property index crimes) in 2010.

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