Skip over navigation
KWIC Logo
KWIC Indicator Narrative

Five Leading Causes of Death by Race/Ethnicity (Three-Year Average)

Data Provider: NYS Department of Health

|

Related Indicators:

  • Leading Causes of Death by Race/Ethnicity less than 1 yrs [view data]
  • Leading Causes of Death by Race/Ethnicity 1-4 yrs [view data]
  • Leading Causes of Death by Race/Ethnicity 5-9 yrs [view data]
  • Leading Causes of Death by Race/Ethnicity 10-14 yrs [view data]
  • Leading Causes of Death by Race/Ethnicity 15-19 yrs [view data]

Life Area:

Physical and Emotional Health

Definition:

This category summarizes the five leading causes of death among New York State children and youth and the percentage they represent of all deaths within each age group, including: birth to less than 1 year, 1 to 4 years, 5 to 9 years, 10 to 14 years, and 15 to 19 years. Since the number of deaths to children and youth is very low within each race and ethnic category, the five leading causes of death are presented as three-year averages.

Significance:

In order to identify differences among children of different race and ethnic groups we examine causes of their death by both race/ethnicity and age group. The leading cause of death can be used as a tool to estimate incidence, and then to target resources and programs to focus on prevention.

Note:

Race/ethnicity categories are as follows:

  • White includes White Hispanic and White non-Hispanic;
  • Black includes Black Hispanic and Black non-Hispanic;
  • Hispanic includes White Hispanic, Black Hispanic, Hispanic Other, and Hispanic Race Not Stated.

Three-year averaging improves the reliability of the data where slight variations in the numbers can result in large fluctuations in the annual rates.

Findings:

Infants less than one year old

  • In both 2003-2005 and 2008-2010, 50 percent or more of all New York State deaths among infants less than one year, regardless of race or ethnicity, were due to conditions originating in the perinatal period.
  • Congenital anomalies was the second most common cause of death for White, African American and Hispanic infants under one year in New York State. This was true in both 2003-2005 and 2008-2010.
  • The third leading cause of death among White, African American and Hispanic infants less than a year old was sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). Again, this was true during both 2003-2005 and 2008-2010.


Children ages 1 through 4 years

  • In New York State during 2008-2010, non-motor vehicle injury was the number one leading cause of death among White and Hispanic children and second leading cause among Black children aged 1 to 4 years. The number one leading cause of death among Black children in this age group was congenital anomalies.
  • Homicide and legal intervention was the cause of more than ten percent of deaths among African American and Hispanic children and about four percent of deaths among White children aged 1 to 4 years during 2008-2010.
  • Although Malignant neoplasms was the cause of 15 percent of deaths among Hispanic children and White children aged 1 to 4 years, it was the causes of less than four percent of deaths among African American children in this age group.


Children ages 5 through 9 years

  • In New York State during 2008-2010, malignant neoplasms was the leading cause of death for White, African American and Hispanic children in this age group.
  • Additional leading causes of death in New York State for African American, Hispanic and White children ages 5 to 9 years include motor vehicle injury (12.1 percent, 4.5 percent and 10.4 percent, respectively) and non-motor vehicle injury (6.1 percent, 9.1 percent and 16.9 percent, respectively).


Youth ages 10 through 14 years

  • In New York State during 2008-2010, malignant neoplasms was the leading cause of death among White and Hispanic youth aged 10 to 14 years. Among African American youth in this age group, non-motor vehicle injury was the most frequent cause of death.
  • During 2008-2010 in New York State, homicide and legal intervention was a leading cause of death among African American and Hispanic youth aged 10 to 14 years, accounting for 13.2 percent and 6.9 percent of deaths in this age group, respectively. Suicide was among the top five causes of death for White children in this age group and accounted for 4.9 percent of the deaths.
  • Non-motor vehicle injury was also a leading cause of death in this age group, regardless of race/ethnicity. Among White youth aged 10-14, 13.6 percent of deaths were due to this cause. Among African American and Hispanic youth aged 10-14, 15.8 percent and 6.9 percent, respectively, died due to a non-motor vehicle injury.


Youth ages 15 through 19 years

  • During 2008-2010, motor vehicle and non-motor vehicle injury, malignant neoplasms, suicide and homicide and legal intervention were among the five leading causes of death for White and Hispanic youth aged 15 through 19 in New York State. The leading causes of death among Black teens included all of these with the exception of suicide.
  • Motor vehicle injury was responsible for the largest percentage of White teen deaths (25.9 percent) while homicide and legal intervention was the leading cause of death among African American (47.7 percent) and Hispanic (32.2 percent) teens.
  • In New York State during 2008-2010, suicide was responsible for 13.9 percent of deaths among White teens aged 15-19 and 8.9 percent of deaths among Hispanic teens.

©2003-2018 by KWIC. All rights reserved. Site created by CCF and Cogent Technologies, Inc. The KWIC website is partially funded by the Annie E. Casey Foundation.

Permission to copy, reprint, or otherwise distribute KWIC data is granted as long as appropriate acknowledgement is given.
When citing data from the website, please use: Council on Children and Families, Kids’ Wellbeing Indicators Clearinghouse (KWIC), www.nyskwic.org