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KWIC Indicator Narrative

Five Leading Causes of Death by Region (Three-Year Average)

Data Provider: NYS Department of Health

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Related Indicators:

  • Leading Causes of Death by Region less than 1 yrs [view data]
  • Leading Causes of Death by Region 1-4 yrs [view data]
  • Leading Causes of Death by Region 5-9 yrs [view data]
  • Leading Causes of Death by Region 10-14 yrs [view data]
  • Leading Causes of Death by Region 15-19 yrs [view data]

Life Area:

Physical and Emotional Health

Definition:

This category summarizes the five leading causes of death among New York State children, and the percentage they represent of all deaths within each age group.

Since the number of deaths to children and youth is very low in many counties, the five leading causes of death are presented as three-year averages for New York State, New York City and Rest of State.

Significance:

One important way to identify threats to the health of children and youth is to examine causes of their death by age group. The leading causes of death can be used as a tool to estimate incidence, and then to target resources and programs to focus on prevention.

Note:

Three-year averaging improves the reliability of the data where slight variations in the numbers can result in large fluctuations in the annual rates.

Findings:

Infants less than one year old

  • The average number of deaths to children under one year of age in New York State declined by 12 percent between 2003-2005 and 2007-2009 (from 1,477 to 1,294, respectively).
  • "Conditions Originating in the Perinatal Period" was the most frequent reason for infant death in both 2003-2005 and 2008-2010 (57.1 percent and 55.0 percent, respectively).
  • Congenital anomalies accounted for 18.0 percent of the infant deaths in New York State for the time period 2008-2010.


Children ages 1 through 4 years

 

  • Between 2003-2005 and 2008-2010, the average number of deaths for children aged one through four declined by 10 percent (from 215 to 194, respectively) in New York State.
  • The most frequently occurring reason why children between the ages of one and four years died in 2003-2005 and 2008-2010 was non-motor vehicle injury. Congenital anomalies and malignant neoplasms were also responsible for a significant number of deaths in this age group during both time periods.
  • During 2008-2010 in New York City, the leading cause of death among one through four year olds was congenital anomalies (16.7 percent). Among residents of Rest of State in this age group, non-motor vehicle injury was the number one cause of death at 15.5 percent.


Children ages 5 through 9 years

 

  • Children in New York State between the ages of five and nine years have a relatively low risk of death. In New York State, an average 123 children in this age group died annually between 2008-2010. This was down from the 149 average deaths in this age group in 2003-2005.
  • Malignant neoplasms was the leading cause of death in this age group in both 2003-2005 and 2008-2010.
  • Non-motor vehicle and motor vehicle related injuries combined accounted for about 23 percent of deaths among five to nine year olds in 2008-2010.
  • Malignant neoplasms was the leading cause of death among children ages five through nine in both New York City (25.0 percent) and in counties outside New York City (22.5 percent).


Youth ages 10 through 14 years

 

  • The risk of death among New York State youth aged 10 through 14 years is relatively low when compared with infants, very young children and older adolescents. In 2008-2010 an average 155 youth in this age group died annually. This was down from 193 in 2003-2005.
  • In 2008-2010 malignant neoplasms was the leading cause of death (17.4 percent) followed by non-motor vehicle injury (14.2 percent) among youth aged 10 through 14 years in New York State. During 2003-2005, malignant neoplasms accounted for 14.5 percent and motor vehicle injury, 13.5 percent of deaths in this age group. Motor vehicle injury was also a significant cause of death in this age group for the time period 2008-2010, claiming 12.3 percent of the deaths.
  • In both New York City and Rest of State, during 2008- 2010, malignant neoplasms was the leading cause of death among youth ages 10 through 14 years. Homicide and legal intervention was also in the top five causes of death for 10-14 year olds residing in New York City.


Youth ages 15 through 19 years

 

  • Next to infancy, youth between the ages of 15 and 19 years are at the greatest risk of premature death-primarily from violent causes. Deaths in this age group declined about 13 percent between 2003-2005 when an average of 590 youth died annually and 2008-2010 when the average number of deaths for this age group was 513.
  • Homicide and legal intervention was the number one leading cause of death among 15-19 year olds in New York State during 2008-2010 and accounted for 108 deaths in this age group.
  • Homicide and legal intervention was also the leading cause of death among adolescents aged 15 through 19 years in New York City, and represented a larger proportion of deaths in 2008-2010 (36.6 percent) as compared to 2003-2005 (29.3 percent). Motor vehicle and non-motor vehicle injury and suicide were leading causes of death in New York City during both 2003-2005 and 2008 and 2010.
  • In counties outside of New York City, the leading causes of death among adolescents aged 15 through 19 years in 2003-2005 and 2008-2010 were consistently motor vehicle and non-motor vehicle injuries, homicide and legal intervention, and suicide.

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